CAN Bus interface for PANDA

This is the wiki of the PANDA CAN bus interface for the Raspberry Pi Computer

Requirements

Many devices used in the PANDA Detector Control are controlled via a CAN bus interface. Therefore we need also a CAN bus interface for the front-end computers which can be used with EPICS. This interface must fulfill the following requirements:
  • High data throughput
  • Availability of hardware
  • Easy maintainability of software
  • Reliability
  • Costs should be as low as possible
  • Little space required
  • Shielding
  • Galvanic insulation

Hardware

A small PCB using the SJA1000 stand-alone CAN controller was developed. This chip has a parallel interface using eight multiplexed data-/address lines and five control lines. To safe space and keep the costs as low as possible this chip is directly connected to the general purpose I/O ports of an CPU.

The developed PCB has the same dimensions as the Raspberry Pi Computer and is designed as an extension board for this computer. It also provides a RS232 interface.

rasPi Can front small rasPi Can front 2 small rasPi Can back small

Schematics and Layout

Software

The kernel module for the CAN bus interface is based on the open-source kernel module for the interfaces by PEAK Systems.

The interface supports all standard bit rates. For testing the performance frames with 8 byte length have been send over the CAN bus:
Bitrate Extended Standard
kbit/s frames/s
5 34 41
10 69 82
20 139 165
50 350 416
100 689 800
125 869 1052
250 1666 2000
500 3333 4000
1000 6666 6666
All currently supported devices use standard frames @ 125 kbit/s

EPICS support

EPICS device support for the CAN bus interface itself and several devices controlled via CAN bus is available:
  • ISEG EHS/EDS high voltage power supply
  • Wiener VME crate remote control
  • THMP
  • Light pulser
  • TMCM142 high-performance single axis stepper motor controller/driver
Please refer to DCS.SupportedHardware for further details on these devices

The source code for the EPICS support and Kernel module can be found on github

SD-Card Image for Raspberry Pi Computer

A SD-Card image for the Raspberry Pi computer with the kernel module for this interface and EPICS already installed is available under http://www.ep1.rub.de/~florian/epics/raspi_panda.img.gz A 4 GB card is required.

Currently there are two users available:
pi (passwd: raspberry)
panda (passwd: pandadcs)

An EPICS IOC is installed via the PANDA DCS apt repository. Configuration of the IOC can be done in the dir "/etc/epics/iocpandadcscan/"

After booting the Pi ProcServ will be started with the EPICS IOC for CAN bus as child process allowing access via telnet on port 20000. The child process is not started automatically.

Contact Person

For further questions and suggestions please contact FlorianFeldbauer

-- PeterZumbruch - 26 Jun 2013
-- FlorianFeldbauer - 02 Feb 2015
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
PANDA-RPi_CAN.pdfpdf PANDA-RPi_CAN.pdf manage 67.3 K 26 Jun 2013 - 10:38 FlorianFeldbauer Schematic of the adapter PCB
PANDA-RPi_CAN_brd.pdfpdf PANDA-RPi_CAN_brd.pdf manage 160.5 K 28 Jun 2013 - 07:28 FlorianFeldbauer Board Layout
rasPI_CAN_back.jpgjpg rasPI_CAN_back.jpg manage 1867.9 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:57 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can back
rasPI_CAN_back_small.pngpng rasPI_CAN_back_small.png manage 275.8 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:57 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can back small
rasPI_CAN_front-2.jpgjpg rasPI_CAN_front-2.jpg manage 1473.5 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:58 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can front 2
rasPI_CAN_front-2_small.jpgjpg rasPI_CAN_front-2_small.jpg manage 98.8 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:58 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can front 2 small
rasPI_CAN_front.jpgjpg rasPI_CAN_front.jpg manage 1738.8 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:59 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can front
rasPI_CAN_front_small.pngpng rasPI_CAN_front_small.png manage 275.6 K 26 Jun 2013 - 12:58 PeterZumbruch rasPi Can front small
Topic revision: r9 - 03 Feb 2015, PeterZumbruch
 
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