A new concept for the PANDA Endcap DIRC was proposed by the Giessen group in June 2006, incorporating both the time-of-propagation (TOP) technique and a chromatic correction based on dichroic mirrors which split the spectral range of the Cherenkov photons. This combination of technologies allows both to avoid the decrease of resolution usually connected with dispersion and to lengthen the travel path of light inside the radiator, thus leading to larger time differences in the TOP measurement which makes it less challenging to discriminate different particle species at large momenta.

A detailed description of this concept can be found in the attached file giessendirc.pdf.

A description of a fitting method to extract the particle identification from the relative TOPs without a start signal from external detectors is described in the file giessendirc2.pdf. A clear separation of 4 σ is possible up to a pion/kaon momentum of 5 GeV/c.

Copies of the documents are under the links



The time-of-propagation concept obviously requires extremely fast photon detectors which are capable of measuring the travel time of cherenkov photons through the radiator material. At the moment especially micro-channel plate photomultiplier tubes (MCP-PMTs) seem to be a very promising technology. There is a group at the University of Nagoya, Japan, which works in collaboration with HAMAMATSU and KEK on the development of MCP-PMTs for a TOP DIRC intended for the BELLE / Super-B factory upgrade. Details about their results can be found in the attached NIM papers. BELLE has to make a technology decision concerning the TOP technique well before PANDA. In case they decide for a TOP Cherenkov counter with MCP-PMTs those photon detectors will probably become commercially available within the timescale of our project.

-- MarkusEhrenfried - 10 Aug 2006 -- MichaelDueren - 03 Nov 2007

  • giessendirc.pdf: Conceptual Design of a Multi-Chromatic Time-of-Propagation Endcap DIRC for PANDA

  • giessendirc2.pdf: Resolution Studies for a Multi-chromatic Time-of-Propagation Endcap DIRC for PANDA

I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
MCP-PMT-A528-763-2004.pdfpdf MCP-PMT-A528-763-2004.pdf manage 525 K 2006-08-10 - 21:22 UnknownUser MCP-PMT timing property for single photons, NIM A 528 (2004) 763-775
TOP-Counter-NIM-A440-124-2000.pdfpdf TOP-Counter-NIM-A440-124-2000.pdf manage 397 K 2006-08-10 - 21:27 UnknownUser Time-of-propagation Cherenkov counter for particle identification, NIM A 440 (2000) 124-135
TOP-Counter-NIM-A453-331-2000.pdfpdf TOP-Counter-NIM-A453-331-2000.pdf manage 273 K 2006-08-10 - 21:25 UnknownUser Test result of time-of-propagation Cherenkov counter, NIM A 453 (2000) 331-335
giessendirc.pdfpdf giessendirc.pdf manage 569 K 2006-08-10 - 20:52 UnknownUser Conceptual Design of a Multi-Chromatic Time-of-Propagation Endcap DIRC for PANDA
giessendirc2.pdfpdf giessendirc2.pdf manage 551 K 2007-11-03 - 11:19 MichaelDueren Resolution Studies for a Multi-chromatic Time-of-Propagation Endcap DIRC for PANDA
Topic revision: r3 - 2007-11-03, MichaelDueren
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