The provision of a magnetic field of 2T over a length of about 4m and a diameter of 1.9m whilst simultaneously keeping this region free for detectors is far from trivial. The technological challenge is complicated by additional requirements concerning, e.g. field homogeneity (see table below), the intersection of a warm target feed pipe and detector access, to name only a few.
We have designed the PANDA solenoid magnet using a superconducting split coil with Rutherford type cable and indirect cooling. Though the detector layout requires an asymmetric arrangement of the cryostat and flux return yoke, the stringent requirements for the field, its homogeneity and the magnetic forces are satisfied by this design. The cryostat will surround all detectors and serve as their mounting structure. The flux-return yoke will serve as an active muon range system by incorporating mini-drift tubes between 13 layers of iron. Both ends of the return yoke will be fabricated as opening doors, whilst in parts simultaneously serving as the muon range system. In addition, the whole set up of more than 300t will be retractable to a parking position well outside the beam, where it can be operated for commissioning and maintenance.
The main parameters are summarised in the table below.
View of the solenoid from the upstream side (1/4 cut off for visibility). Grey: cryostat, inner red parts: coils, blue: flux return yoke, red bars: support structure.
View of coil, cryostat and cryogenic turret (1/2 cut off for visibility). Green: coil former, brown: coils, red and black: supporting structures and cooling line, grey: outer housing of cryostat and turret.
|png||CryoView-suspended_Renzo0906_01_small.png||manage||88 K||2009-10-20 - 18:04||IntiLehmann||Schematic view of coil and cryostat highlighting suspensions|
|png||Panda_coil_cryostat_small.png||manage||73 K||2009-11-16 - 16:20||IntiLehmann||View of cryostat, coil and turret|
|png||Solenoid_3D_upstream_small.png||manage||83 K||2009-10-20 - 18:10||IntiLehmann||View of the solenoid (1/4 cut for visibility)|