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PANDA Detector Control System

PANDA DCS Technical Design

The present structure of PANDA experiment involves several sub-detectors and sub-systems (Fig.1). The Slow Controls (SC) of each PANDA sub-detector and sub-system are planned to be monitored and controlled from a supervisory software application.


In the past, an evaluation of several SCADA development packages ( PVSS, LabView, EPICS) was performed by a PANDA slow controls subgroup and the EPICS package was selected to be the main PANDA SC software development tool.

Due to the anticipated complexity of the whole PANDA DCS and the expected staged assembly of PANDA detector, the DCS is highly needed to be modular and scalable. In order to accomplish this, each PANDA sub-detector or sub-system is envisaged to be basically autonomous but manageable from a supervisory layer.


The autonomy of each PANDA DCS partition (Fig. 2) implies that the partition should be self-controllable. This means that, specific slow control software, tailored to configure, monitor and control the hardware devices belonging to the partition, is required. Moreover, the partition specific software must be capable to share data with the supervisory layer.

In order to ensure compatible data sharing between the DCS supervisory layer and DCS partition, an EPICS Process Variable Gateway is required to be implemented by each PANDA DCS partition. Additionally, the PV Gateway will provide access rights administration and subnet interface.

The SC operation of each partition will be performed from a dedicated graphical user interface (GUI). The interface must ensure the accurate and safe operation of the partition hardware. The complete interface, or part of it, will be embedded in the PANDA supervisory software.

At the moment, the state of the art user interface to EPICS is supported by the Control System Studio (CSS) framework. The technical design of PANDA DCS is planned to provide a set of guidelines for naming conventions, and graphical interface look and feel, in order to guarantee the similarity of the independent developed modules and to simplify the integration.

The outcome of putting all the above requirements together is a PANDA DCS architecture based on a three-layer design – Supervisory, Control and Field layers. The highest level is the Supervisory one. The Control Layer is in the middle and it is the level where all the PANDA DCS partitions are connected. The Field Layer is embedded in each PANDA DCS Partition, and is made of all the devices and sensors used to monitor and control the sub-sytem.


Because the device driver software support in EPICS is limited, the software development tools used to control the lowermost layer (Field Layer) are at the free choice of the developer. The only constrain here is that the software must be integrated in the control layer with the EPICS system. However, the recommendation is that the developer, in the early stages of design, should try implement, were is possible, the same hardware and software, with EPICS support, realized by other PANDA sub-systems.

PANDA DCS Partitions

PANDA DCS partitions together with the DCS coordinators are summarized in the table below:

PANDA Sytem DCS Partition DCS Contact
Magnets Solenoid  
Targets Pellet Target Alexander Gerasimov
Cluster Jet Target Bogdan Zwieglinski
Beam line and Interaction Region Interaction region  
Silicon Detectors Pixels & Strips Hans-Georg Zaunick
Luminosity Detector Florian Feldbauer
Trackers Straw Tube Tracker Mario Bragadireanu
Planar GEM Trackers Bernd Voss (?!)
Forward tracking Jerzy Smyrski
Electromagnetic Calorimeter Barrel EMC Tobias Triffterer
Backward Endcap EMC
Forward Endcap EMC
Forward Shashlyk Forward Shashlyk Sofia Bukreeva
Charged Particle ID Barrel DIRC Carsten Schwarz
Endcap Disc DIRC Avetik Hayrapetyan
Forward RICH Sergey Kononov
Barrel TOF (SciTil) Ken Suzuki
Forward TOF Denis Veretennikov
Muon system Muon system Nikolay Zhuravlev
Hypernuclear Equipment Target system Michael Bölting
Ge Det Marcell Steinen
Infrastructure Supplies  
The team taking responsibility for the controls of a PANDA DCS partition is expected to provide:
  • implementation of controls for the hardware devices belonging to the Field Layer of the partition;
  • the software running on the Control Layer of the partition;
  • the partition GUI software;
  • the autonomous operation of the partition.

The PANDA DCS sub-system manager is responsible with:
  • the preparation of DCS technical design;
  • monitor (and guarantee) the implementation of the DCS technical design;
  • the integration of the DCS partitions in the supervisory layer;
  • organize the development of the DCS supervisory software.

PANDA DCS Technical Support

Hardware and Software
  • SupportedHardware is a wiki describing the proposed/tested/supported sensor/control hardware for the PANDA DCS. Early contributions have the chance to set the standards and significantly help other detector subgroups. Please contribute.
Process Variables Naming Convention

The naming convention for PANDA slow control process variables is outlined in this wiki: PVNamingConventions. We recommend implementing these rules early, to avoid later confusion.
Tutorials and Examples

Information exchange


You are currently on the homepage of the PANDA DCS wiki, so we shouldn't need to explain how to find it... wink

To gain write access to this wiki, you have to be a member of the PandaControlsGroup. This is also required for being able to upload your talks to the TalksArchive. If you want to become a member of the PandaControlsGroup, ask its coordinator MarioBragadireanu.
  • Next PANDA DCS session: Parallel session @ PANDA CM 18/2 in Stockholm; Tuesday, 5th June 2018, 11:00h CEST
  • The master archive with presentations from all our subgroup meetings is here: TalksArchive. Please attach your talks using your account, such that the author name is visible and easy to search for. Preferred format is PDF.

The DCS subgroup forum is located here.

Requirements short term repository

Collection status (10 November 2017)


- Cluster Jet Target: PANDA_Controls_requirements_Cluster_Jet_Target_detailed.xlsx;

- Micro Vertex Detector: PANDA_Controls_requirements_MVD_detailed.xlsx;

- Straw Tube Tracker: PANDA_Controls_requirements_STT_detailed.xlsx;

- Barrel DIRC: PANDA_Controls_requirements_Barrel_DIRC_detailed.xlsx ;

- Barrel Time of Flight(SciTil) : PANDA_Controls_requirements_SciTil_detailed.xlsx;

- Endcap Disc DIRC: PANDA_Controls_requirements__EndcapDiscDIRC_detailed.xls

- Endcap and Barrel EMC: PANDA_Controls_requirements_Endcap_and_Barrel_EMC.ods

- Forward Shashlyk: PANDA_Controls_requirements_FSC_detailed.xlsx;

- Luminosity Detector: PANDA_Controls_requirements_LUMI_detailed.xlsx;

- Solenoid: PANDA_Controls_requirements_Solenoid_detailed.xlsx;

- Hypernuclear Ge Det: PANDA_Controls_requirements_Hyp_Ge_detailed.xlsx;

- Template: PANDA_Controls_requirements_v3.xlsx.


The PANDA SC subgroup has been formed in 2007. The subgroup is basically made by people, from different PANDA collaborating institutions, involved in the slow controls of the experiment, chaired by the SC sub-system manager. The most up-to-date list of DCS members can be found here. The present subgroup chairman is Mario Bragadireanu.

The DCS mailing list is
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
DCS-HOWTO.pdfpdf DCS-HOWTO.pdf manage 1488.8 K 15 Dec 2011 - 13:17 DanProtopopescu How to write your own slow controls (with links)
DCS-LayersDAQ-generic-w-small.pngpng DCS-LayersDAQ-generic-w-small.png manage 223.4 K 04 Sep 2009 - 18:51 DanProtopopescu DCS components (small) with AFECS
DCS-LayersDAQ-wbg-small.pngpng DCS-LayersDAQ-wbg-small.png manage 111.6 K 09 Apr 2008 - 22:30 DanProtopopescu DCS components (small)
DCS_small.pngpng DCS_small.png manage 62.3 K 06 Dec 2007 - 16:15 DanProtopopescu DCS interrelations graph (small)
PANDA_Controls_requirements_Barrel_DIRC_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_Barrel_DIRC_detailed.xlsx manage 26.5 K 25 Oct 2017 - 08:21 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_Cluster_Jet_Target_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_Cluster_Jet_Target_detailed.xlsx manage 38.6 K 19 Oct 2017 - 15:46 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_Endcap_and_Barrel_EMC.odsods PANDA_Controls_requirements_Endcap_and_Barrel_EMC.ods manage 24.5 K 20 Nov 2017 - 10:57 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_FSC_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_FSC_detailed.xlsx manage 32.6 K 04 Oct 2017 - 12:02 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_FWE_EMC_detailed.odsods PANDA_Controls_requirements_FWE_EMC_detailed.ods manage 22.8 K 04 Oct 2017 - 12:01 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_Hyp_Ge_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_Hyp_Ge_detailed.xlsx manage 32.7 K 23 Oct 2017 - 21:25 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_LUMI_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_LUMI_detailed.xlsx manage 29.1 K 04 Oct 2017 - 12:02 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_MVD_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_MVD_detailed.xlsx manage 39.1 K 04 Oct 2017 - 12:00 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_STT_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_STT_detailed.xlsx manage 32.0 K 04 Oct 2017 - 11:58 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_SciTil_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_SciTil_detailed.xlsx manage 29.8 K 18 Oct 2017 - 17:43 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_Solenoid_detailed.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_Solenoid_detailed.xlsx manage 35.2 K 23 Oct 2017 - 21:23 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements__EndcapDiscDIRC_detailed.xlsxls PANDA_Controls_requirements__EndcapDiscDIRC_detailed.xls manage 45.5 K 25 Oct 2017 - 05:24 MarioBragadireanu  
PANDA_Controls_requirements_v3.xlsxxlsx PANDA_Controls_requirements_v3.xlsx manage 31.5 K 04 Oct 2017 - 12:04 MarioBragadireanu  
PandaCentralDCS.pngpng PandaCentralDCS.png manage 70.0 K 12 Oct 2014 - 17:48 MarioBragadireanu  
PandaDCSLayers.pngpng PandaDCSLayers.png manage 110.6 K 12 Oct 2014 - 17:53 MarioBragadireanu  
PandaDCSPartition.pngpng PandaDCSPartition.png manage 66.7 K 12 Oct 2014 - 17:51 MarioBragadireanu  
Requirements_Status_November_10.pngpng Requirements_Status_November_10.png manage 54.5 K 20 Nov 2017 - 11:05 MarioBragadireanu  
Requirements_Status_October_18.pngpng Requirements_Status_October_18.png manage 49.3 K 18 Oct 2017 - 17:38 MarioBragadireanu  
Requirements_Status_October_24.pngpng Requirements_Status_October_24.png manage 53.8 K 23 Oct 2017 - 21:31 MarioBragadireanu  
Requirements_Status_October_25.pngpng Requirements_Status_October_25.png manage 53.9 K 25 Oct 2017 - 05:24 MarioBragadireanu  
Requirements_Status_October_4.pngpng Requirements_Status_October_4.png manage 38.6 K 04 Oct 2017 - 11:46 MarioBragadireanu  
dcs-fee-interface-draft-68bc99a4.pdfpdf dcs-fee-interface-draft-68bc99a4.pdf manage 280.4 K 23 May 2018 - 12:06 TobiasTriffterer Concept Draft for the Interface between the PANDA DCS and the FEE
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Topic revision: r94 - 23 May 2018, TobiasTriffterer
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