Tracking: The TPC is discussed as a solution for the outer tracking within the target spectrometer. The required momentum resolution is ~1%, the required vertex resolution ~150um in the xy plane and < 1cm in z direction.

PID: In the momentum range below ~1GeV and above ~2GeV the TPC provides information for particle identification within the target spectrometer. Especially for particles with momenta below ~1GeV this is of great help for the overall PID performance and to supplement the information from the barrel DIRC.

Working principle (in short)

General: 3D tracking device - charged particles ionize detector gas - electric field along cylinder axis separates positive gas ions from electrons - primary electrons drift towards readout anode - gas amplification done by several GEM foils - ungated, continuous operation mode due to HESR beam properties - intrinsic ion feedback suppression by GEM foils - continuous data readout within PANDA DAQ - parallel online data reduction and processing (including tracking)

PID: performed via measurement of mean energy loss per track length (dE/dx), described by Bethe-Bloch-formula, in combination with (obligatory) momentum measurement - PANDA TPC offers to do ~50-100 (fluctuating) energy loss measurements per track - truncated mean algorithm used to get rid off Landau tail and to calculate mean

GEM-TPC working principle                  TPC geometry from simulation

Important values

Geometry: inner radius: 15cm, outer radius: 42cm, length: 150cm, gas volume: 700l, 2 separate chambers (due to target pipe)

Material budget: ~1.5% X/X0

Detector gas: Ne/CO2 (90/10, maybe admixture of CH4), gas gain: several 1000

Operation: drift field: 400V/cm, 2x2mm pads (100000)

First estimates and simulations (obtained from old PANDA framework and preliminary)

Data were generated based on an event generator which shoots p, K, pi, mu and e (plus antiparticles) isotropically through the TPC. All tracks come from the IP, with momenta between 0.2 and 4GeV/c. Tracks are divided into 6mm pieces, for each the energy loss is calculated resulting in 50-100 measurements depending on track length. Upper 40% are discarded and mean dE/dx calculated (truncated mean). The spread of the these dE/dx values for certain p bins is fitted with a Gaussian and the dE/dx resolution is defined as the corresponding sigma.

dE/dX curves for PANDA TPC         dE/dE Resolution for PANDA TPC

The separation power between two particles is defined as: 2*|I1 - I2| / (sigmaI1/I1 + sigmaI2/I2), where I stands for the dE/dx of the respective particle. A constant dE/dx resolution of 5% was assumed.

Separation Power of PANDA TPC

Note: For all the simulation results shown here the gas density value was a factor of 1.5 to high. Therefore we expect the performance to be a bit worse. For example the dE/dx resolution will change from ~5% to ~7%. Simulations will be repeated with the new PANDA framework as soon as possible.

-- QuirinWeitzel - 10 May 2006
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
PIDoverview.pngpng PIDoverview.png manage 132 K 2006-05-18 - 18:15 UnknownUser dE/dX curves for PANDA TPC
SeparationPower.pngpng SeparationPower.png manage 29 K 2006-05-19 - 09:50 UnknownUser Separation Power of PANDA TPC
TPC_Geom.pngpng TPC_Geom.png manage 318 K 2006-05-15 - 17:14 UnknownUser TPC geometry from simulation
dEdxResolution.pngpng dEdxResolution.png manage 20 K 2006-05-19 - 09:49 UnknownUser dE/dE Resolution for PANDA TPC
tpc-gem_principle.pngpng tpc-gem_principle.png manage 35 K 2006-05-15 - 16:44 UnknownUser GEM-TPC working principle
Topic revision: r6 - 2006-05-19, QuirinWeitzel
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